The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 (“Aadhaar Act 2016”) on 12 July 2016 by the Government of India, under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
The UIDAI is mandated to assign a 12-digit unique identification (UID) number (termed “Aadhaar”) to all the residents of India. The implementation of the UID scheme entails generation and assignment of UIDs to residents; defining mechanisms and processes for interlinking UIDs with partner databases; operation and management of all stages of the UID life cycle; framing policies and procedures for updating mechanism and defining usage and applicability of UIDs for delivery of various services, among others. The number is linked to the resident’s basic demographic and biometric information such as a photograph, ten fingerprints and two iris scans, which are stored in a centralised database.
Aadhar Subsidy Plans/Benefits
The Aadhaar venture has been connected to some open appropriation and joblessness advantage plans, for example, the residential LPG plan and MGNREGA. In these Direct Benefit Transfer plots, the endowment cash is specifically exchanged to a financial balance which is Aadhaar-connected. Beforehand, be that as it may, the immediate advantage exchange had been done effectively through the National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) framework, which did not rely upon Aadhaar.
Features of Aadhar Card
Various highlights make the Aadhaar card a computerized personality and encourage advanced character: the record of the card itself is electronic in PDF organize; a QR Code gives advanced XML portrayal of some center points of interest of the card; the number and some restricted subtle elements can be approved on the web (with the prominent avoidance of the name); refreshing subtle elements should be possible electronically utilizing a cell phone number or potentially email as the second factor of confirmation; the framework gathers a photograph, every one of the 10 finger outputs, and eye examine; be that as it may, there is no known basic utilization of this information to date to electronically approve a holder.
Uses of Aadhar Card
Before few years Aadhaar-enabled biometric attendance systems were introduced in government offices. The system was introduced to check late arrival and absenteeism of government employees. The public could see the daily in and out of employees on the website attendance.gov.in. In October 2014 the website was closed to the public but as of 24 March 2016 is again active and open to public access. The employees use the last four digits (last eight digits for government employee registering as of August 2016) of their Aadhaar number and their fingerprints, for authentication.